A spine of mountains, the New Guinea Highlands, runs the length of the island forming a region covered with dense rainforests. DMA is a multi-service development consultancy . The economic performance of PNG has steadily improved over the past decade due to a significant resources boom, mainly in the extractive minerals and hydro-carbon sector. PAPUA NEW GUINEA. In Papua New Guinea those mountains reach elevations in excess of 13,000 feet (4,000 metres), rising to the country’s highest point of 14,793 feet (4,509 metres) at Mount Wilhelm in the Bismarck Range, part of the Central Range. New Guinea’s western half comprises the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua and its eastern half comprises the major part of Papua New Guinea, an independent country since 1975. The official languages of this country are Tok Pisin, Hiri Motu, and English. Papua New Guinea has a population of more than 7 million people, and is credited as being one of the world’s most culturally diverse country's, with more than 800 languages spoken within the country. Papua New Guinea , officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (Tok Pisin: Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Independen Stet bilong Papua Niu Gini), is a country in Oceania that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. These funds will support implementation of the new national economic and social development plan. and setting the country on a path of higher and sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. Rural-urban drift, the proliferation of small arms, increasing urban crime and tribal fighting (often over land management) have created law and order problems that pose a challenge to the central authority. GPE is supporting the government of Papua New Guinea to ensure all students continue learning during the coronavirus pandemic. Papua New Guinea (PNG) occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and is the largest country of the Pacific region (461,690 km²). Due to the intense efforts of many actors, including faith-based and civil society organisations, the rapid upward trend in HIV prevalence, that peaked in 2005, has slowed down to a national rate of 0.9 per cent (2009), although this masks provincial pockets with a very high prevalence and a gender dimension. Between 1990 and 2017, Papua New Guinea’s HDI value increased from 0.380 to 0.544, an increase of 43.2 percent. 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