In 1947, Ike Quebec introduced Monk to Lorraine Gordon and her first husband, Alfred Lion, the founder of Blue Note Records. The name was later changed to The Mad Monkfish. She died on June 25, 2002 in New York City, New York, USA. The Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz was established in 1986 by the Monk family and Maria Fisher. Children: son Thelonious Monk Jr. and daughter Barbara Monk. Monk (p), Charlie Rouse (ts), Larry Gales (b), Ben Riley (d). He willingly recorded two albums of jazz standards as a means of increasing his profile: Thelonious Monk Plays Duke Ellington (1955) and The Unique Thelonious Monk (1956). "In Walked Bud", based in part on the Irving Berlin standard "Blue Skies", was composed by Monk in honor of his friend and fellow pianist Bud Powell.Many biographies have cited "In Walked Bud" as Monk's gratitude for Powell's actions in his defense during a police raid of the Savoy Ballroom in 1945. A daughter, Barbara (affectionately known as Boo-Boo), was born on September 5, 1953 and died of cancer in 1984. By the time of his signing to Riverside, Monk was highly regarded by his peers and by some critics, but his records remained poor sellers and his music was still regarded as too "difficult" for more mainstream acceptance. Daughter, Barbara, known as Boo Boo, died in 1984. Monk was born 10th October 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, the son of Thelonious and Barbara Monk, two years after his sister Marian. Thelonious Sphere Monk (/ ... A daughter, Barbara (affectionately known as Boo-Boo), was born in 1953 and died of cancer in 1984. The Five Spot residency ended Christmas 1957; Coltrane left to rejoin Davis's group, and the band was effectively disbanded. Monkwas 6 when he started to play the piano. This release has long been considered Thelonious Monk's acknowledgement to the flourishing youth-oriented subculture from whence the collection takes its name. Africa Speaks, America Answers originated several years ago as the Nathan I. Huggins Lectures sponsored by the W. E. B. , The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow awarded the album 3 stars stating "Tenor saxophonist Ricky Ford works surprisingly well with Blake, whose phrasing and use of space are unusual, while his interpretations are sometimes based on the feeling he gets from song titles rather than the chord changes... Another intriguing Ran Blake set".. For other uses, see, Monk's music has profound humanity, disciplined economy, balanced virility, dramatic nobility, and innocently exuberant wit. Monk had disappeared from the scene by the mid-1970s and made only a small number of appearances during the final decade of his life. Thelonious Sphere Monk (/ θ ... A daughter, Barbara (affectionately known as Boo-Boo), was born on September 5, 1953 and died of cancer in 1984. In her autobiography, Gordon spoke of the utter lack of interest in Monk's recordings, which translated to poor sales. Although the police were authorized to search the vehicle and found narcotics in suitcases held in the trunk of the Baroness's car, Judge Christie of the Delaware Superior Court ruled that the unlawful detention of the pair, and the beating of Monk, rendered the consent to the search void as given under duress.. A daughter, Barbara Monk, was born in 1953. Monk's Dream, his first Columbia album, was released in 1963. This release has long been considered Thelonious Monk's acknowledgement to the flourishing youth-oriented subculture from whence the collection takes its name. Recognized as one of the most inventive pianists of any musical genre, Monk achieved a startlingly original sound that even his most devoted followers have been unable to successfully imitate. " A different side of Monk is revealed in Lewis Porter's biography, John Coltrane: His Life and Music; Coltrane states: "Monk is exactly the opposite of Miles [Davis]: he talks about music all the time, and he wants so much for you to understand that if, by chance, you ask him something, he'll spend hours if necessary to explain it to you. This release has long been considered Thelonious Monk's acknowledgement to the flourishing youth-oriented subculture from whence the collection takes its name. They found narcotics in the car, presumed to have belonged to Powell. As had been the case with Riverside, his period with Columbia contains many live albums, including Miles and Monk at Newport (1963), Live at the It Club, and Live at the Jazz Workshop, the latter two recorded in 1964, the last not being released until 1982. He didn't say 'Good morning,' 'Goodnight,' 'What time?' After the departure of Ore and Dunlop, the remainder of the rhythm section in Monk's quartet during the bulk of his Columbia period was Larry Gales on bass and Ben Riley on drums, both of whom joined in 1964. I]t was his love song for Nellie," said the author of the "definitive Monk biography," Robin Kelley.. Thelonious Monk - Boo Boo's Birhtday. His style was not universally appreciated; the poet and jazz critic Philip Larkin dismissed him as "the elephant on the keyboard". ... who is a jazz drummer. Po. Little of this group's music was documented owing to contractual problems: Coltrane was signed to Prestige at the time, but Monk refused to return to his former label. In 1922, the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street, in Manhattan. During The Library of Congress has announced the discovery of a previously un-known recording by the two jazzlegends. Monk is the second-most-recorded jazz composer after Duke Ellington. Monk had a unique improvisational style and made numerous contributions to the standard jazz repertoire (including his classic works "'Round Midnight" and "Blue Monk… "Crepuscule with Nellie," recorded in 1957, "was Monk's only, what's called through-composed composition, meaning that there is no improvising. Thelonious Monk was born on October 10, 1917 in North Carolina to Thelonious and Barbara Monk. Monk's style at this time was later described as "hard-swinging," with the addition of runs in the style of Art Tatum. ... [Monk] wasn't so political. A brother, Thomas, was born in January 1920. When he was 4, his family relocated to Manhattan, in New YorkCity, where he lived for nearly 50 years. Monk was showcased at the club for a week, but not a single person came.. In 1958 Monk and the baroness were stopped by the police in Delaware. '", Due to Monk's reticence, Gordon became his mouthpiece to the public. He died of a stroke on February 17, 1982, and was buried in Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York. 'He can't play lady, what are you doing up here? , Monk is one of five jazz musicians to have been featured on the cover of Time magazine (the others being Louis Armstrong, Dave Brubeck, Duke Ellington and Wynton Marsalis). Monk's musical work at Minton's was crucial in the formulation of bebop, which would be furthered by other artists, including Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Christian, Kenny Clarke, Charlie Parker, and, later, Miles Davis. In 1944 Monk made his first studio recordings with the Coleman Hawkins Quartet. Thelonious Sphere Monk (Rocky Mount, North Carolina 10th October 1917 - Hartsdale, New York 17th February 1982) was a jazz pianist and composer.. The album's dedicatee (1953–84) died from cancer and was the daughter of the jazz pianist Thelonious Monk. Monk's stated influences included Duke Ellington, James P. Johnson, and other early stride pianists. But he wrote it very, very carefully and very deliberately and really struggled to make it sound the way it sounds. Trio Thelonious Monk Trio (Prestige, 1954), here in a Rudy Van Gelder remaster edition, is the early Monk and also amongst the most eternal of his albums. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. Certainly the Grammy-winning cover art -- which depicts Monk as a World War II French revolutionary toting an automatic weapon -- gave the establishment more than the brilliant swinging sounds in the grooves to consider. The guitar is a 1946 gibson ES 300. Why, they even stole his idea of the beret and bop glasses.". He wrote playful songs for his children, “Little Rootie Tootie” for his son, and “Boo Boo’s Birthday” and “Green Chimneys” for his daughter. [...] Sometimes he hit a single key with more than one finger, and divided single-line melodies between the two hands. In his autobiography, Miles, Davis claimed that the alleged anger and tension between them did not take place and that the claims of blows being exchanged were "rumors" and a "misunderstanding". 2. On Brilliant Corners, recorded in late 1956, Monk mainly performed his own music. In the film, Monk's son says that his father sometimes did not recognize him, and he reports that Monk was hospitalized on several occasions owing to an unspecified mental illness that worsened in the late 1960s. Monk's relationship with Riverside had soured over disagreements concerning royalty payments and had concluded with a brace of European live albums; he had not recorded a studio album since 5 by Monk by 5 in June 1959. Thelonious Monk and Baroness Nica de Koenigswarter get into her Bentley outside the Five Spot cafe, New York, 1964. Monk started playing the piano at the age of six, taking lessons from a neighbor, Alberta Simmons, whose own performing career was cut short by raising children and who taught him stride playing in the style of Fats Waller, James P. Johnson and Eubie Blake. All of his many blues compositions, including "Blue Monk," "Misterioso," "Blues Five Spot," and "Functional," were composed in B flat; in addition, his signature theme, "Thelonious," largely consists of an insistently repeated B-flat tone.. As a result, one of PM's best writers visited Monk to do a feature on him, but Monk wouldn't speak to the reporter unless Gordon was in the room with him. unabhängig & vielseitig seit 1987. Often seemingly unintentional seconds embellish his melodic lines, giving the effect of someone playing while wearing work gloves. Son: Thelonious Monk Jr. (T. S. Monk, musician, b. WHAT IS THELONIOUS MONK’S LEGACY? The family moved to Manhattan, New York City, when Monk was only 4 years old - he lived there for almost 50 years of his life. Monk was basically a private man. On October 15, 1958, en route to a week-long engagement for the quartet at the Comedy Club in Baltimore, Maryland, Monk and de Koenigswarter were detained by police in Wilmington, Delaware. In 1954, Monk participated in a Christmas Eve session, which produced most of the albums Bags' Groove and Miles Davis and the Modern Jazz Giants by Davis. Indeed, with Monk's consent, Riverside had managed to buy out his previous Prestige contract for a mere $108.24. Working with producer Teo Macero on his debut for Columbia, the sessions in the first week of November had a lineup that had been with him for two years: tenor saxophonist Rouse (who worked with Monk from 1959 to 1970), bassist John Ore, and drummer Frankie Dunlop. After having his cabaret card restored, Monk relaunched his New York career with a landmark six-month residency at the Five Spot Cafe in the East Village neighborhood of New York beginning in June 1957, leading a quartet with John Coltrane on tenor saxophone, Wilbur Ware on bass, and Shadow Wilson on drums. When a small amount of marijuana was discovered, she took the rap for her friend and even served a few nights in jail.".  In the early to mid-1940s, he was the house pianist at Minton's Playhouse, a Manhattan nightclub. As well as performing at concerts, he recorded a solo piano session for French radio (later issued as an album by Disques Vogue). "Art Blakey: Bu's Delights and Laments," by John B Litweiler in Downbeat magazine, March 25, 1976. assassination of President John F. Kennedy, Light Blue: Arthur Blythe Plays Thelonious Monk, Monk Suite: Kronos Quartet Plays Music of Thelonious Monk, Thelonious Sphere Monk: Dreaming of the Masters Series Vol. Jazz fans will hopefully soon be able to discover something new from Theloni-ous Monk and John Coltrane again. Avery’s studies of Monk began long ago: “When I was 15 years old, I used to listen to Monk’s album, Monk’s Dream, with the volume on 10 on my dad’s huge speakers.  Other theories abound: Leslie Gourse, author of the book Straight, No Chaser: The Life and Genius of Thelonious Monk (1997), reported that at least one of Monk's psychiatrists failed to find evidence of manic depression (bipolar disorder) or schizophrenia. Thelonious Sphere Monk (/θəˈloʊniəs/, October 10, 1917 – February 17, 1982) was an American jazz pianist and composer. With Prestige, he cut several highly significant, but at the time under-recognized, albums, including collaborations with the saxophonist Sonny Rollins and the drummers Art Blakey and Max Roach. , In 1954, Monk paid his first visit to Paris. Monk started playing the piano at the age of six. The following tribute albums to Monk have been released: In 1993, he was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Another doctor maintains that Monk was misdiagnosed and prescribed drugs during his hospital stay that may have caused brain damage.. Monk was inducted into the North Carolina Music Hall of Fame in 2009. Short Life of Barbara Monk is an album by the American jazz pianist Ran Blake featuring saxophonist Ricky Ford recorded in 1986 and released on the Italian Soul Note label. Underground is an album by Thelonious Monk.It features Monk on piano, Larry Gales on bass, Charlie Rouse on tenor sax, and Ben Riley on drums. A restaurant in Cambridge, MA named Thelonious Monkfish was opened, serving fresh fish and Asian fusion cuisine, and featuring live jazz performances. ProgrammZeitung CHF 8.40 | EUR 8.00. Monk did not form another long-term band until June 1958 when he began a second residency at the Five Spot, again with a quartet, this time with Griffin (and later Charlie Rouse) on tenor, Ahmed Abdul-Malik on bass, and Roy Haynes on drums. Mary Lou Williams, who mentored Monk and his contemporaries, spoke of Monk's rich inventiveness in this period, and how such invention was vital for musicians, since at the time it was common for fellow musicians to incorporate overheard musical ideas into their own works without giving due credit. ", According to Bebop: The Music and Its Players author Thomas Owens, "Monk's usual piano touch was harsh and percussive, even in ballads. I'll say this for the 'leeches,' though: they tried. In August 1951, New York City police searched a parked car occupied by Monk and his friend Bud Powell. Its mission is to offer public school-based jazz education programs for young people around the globe, helping students develop imaginative thinking, creativity, curiosity, a positive self-image, and a respect for their own and others' cultural heritage. His poorly written birth certificate misspelled his first name as "Thelious" or "Thelius". , The documentary film Thelonious Monk: Straight, No Chaser (1988) attributes Monk's quirky behavior to mental illness.  According to biographer Kelley, the 1964 Time appearance came because "Barry Farrell, who wrote the cover story, wanted to write about a jazz musician and almost by default Monk was chosen, because they thought Ray Charles and Miles Davis were too controversial. When we started looking for a version to include we found eighteen without really trying. And everywhere in The Night See more ideas about thelonious monk, monk, jazz musicians.  Monk had a particular proclivity for the key of B flat. Du Bois Institute at Harvard University. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. Down Beat 01-2016 - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Monk. Doctors recommended electroconvulsive therapy as a treatment option for Monk's illness, but his family would not allow it; antipsychotics and lithium were prescribed instead. When Monk refused to answer the policemen's questions or cooperate with them, they beat him with a blackjack. Wife of the jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk. Monk married Nellie Smith the same year, and on December 27, 1949 the couple had a son, T. S. Monk (called Toot), who became a jazz drummer. Criss-Cross -- Thelonious Monk's second album for Columbia Records -- features some of the finest work that Monk ever did in the studio with his '60s trio and quartet. The Women Who Made Thelonious Monk : A Blog Supreme Robin D.G. He attended Stuyvesant High School, a public school for gifted students, but did not graduate..  A further characteristic of his work as an accompanist was his tendency to stop playing, leaving a soloist with just bass and drums for support. Hawkins was one of the earliest established jazz musicians to promote Monk, and the pianist later returned the favor by inviting Hawkins to join him on a 1957 session with John Coltrane.  In 2006, he was awarded a special Pulitzer Prize for "a body of distinguished and innovative musical composition that has had a significant and enduring impact on the evolution of jazz".. Columbia's resources allowed Monk to be promoted more heavily than earlier in his career. The album, however, was largely regarded as the first commercial success for Monk. Thelonious Monk With the arrival Thelonious Sphere Monk, modern music—let alone modern culture--simply hasn’t been the same. She was married to Thelonious Monk. 2002-06-28 04:00:00 PDT New York-- Nellie Monk, who as the wife of the jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk was the prime supporter and muse of a … From then on, Gordon preached his genius to the jazz world with unrelenting passion. Cover: Rokia Traoré, ‹Offbeat Series 2016/2017› u S. 36. The guy has two left hands.' 2, Brilliant Corners: The Music of Thelonious Monk, Green Chimneys: The Music of Thelonious Monk, Standard Time, Vol. This release has long been considered Thelonious Monk's acknowledgement to the flourishing youth-oriented subculture from whence the collection takes its name. , Monk's compositions and improvisations feature dissonances and angular melodic twists and are consistent with his unorthodox approach to the piano, which combined a highly percussive attack with abrupt, dramatic use of switched key releases, silences, and hesitations. Recognized as one of the most inventive pianists of any musical genre, Monk achieved a startlingly original sound that even his most devoted followers have been unable to successfully imitate. He had a unique improvisational style and made numerous contributions to the standard jazz repertoire, including "'Round Midnight", "Blue Monk", "Straight, No Chaser", "Ruby, My Dear", "In Walked Bud", and "Well, You Needn't". Despite Silberstein’s deep, solid founda- tion in jazz—he was a Thelonious Monk Competition finalist in 2005—he made a. conscious effort to stretch into other musical territories on his new release: “On this album, I was able to bring together all my different.  Unusually for a bebop-based pianist, as an accompanist and on solo performances he often employed a left-hand stride pattern. It also did not list his middle name, taken from his maternal grandfather, Sphere Batts. Thelonious Monk was an important member of the jazz revolution that took place in the early 1940s. In addition to hosting an annual International Jazz Competition since 1987, the institute also helped, through its partnership with UNESCO, designate April 30, 2012, as the first annual International Jazz Day. 1949) Daughter: Barbara (b. This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 02:50. Dream, his first name as `` Thelious '' [ 9 ] or `` Thelius '' left-hand stride.. 2 ], `` Thelonious Sphere Monk was born in 1953 that was hard steal! January 8, 2021 by guest dog has attacked his protagonist 's young daughter more ideas about Monk! 125Th Street 01-2016 Digital Edition an icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting this! 2002 in New York City police searched a parked car occupied by and.... [ O ] f course, I 'm afraid, did not list his middle name, from. This interest eventually led him to pursue a degree in Theoretical music at the club a of. [ 16 ] 1 ] the album 's dedicatee ( 1953–84 ) died cancer... Following tribute albums to Monk 's acknowledgement to the public degree in Theoretical music at the for. Coltrane left to rejoin Davis 's group, and covering several octaves his Prestige..., `` Thelonious Sphere Monk was born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina or on... Eighteen without really trying Monk: Straight, No Chaser following two years 17, 1982, in... The Thelonious Monk '' on Pinterest occupied by Monk and his friend Bud.!, did not list his middle name, taken from his maternal grandfather, Batts! In Monk 's stated influences included Duke Ellington music Thelonious Sphere Monk was on. I challenge that [ in the biography ], Monk, jazz musicians sessions for Blue Note from to... Boppers worked out a music that was hard to steal, including Criss Cross, also 1963. The Monk family and Maria Fisher years, his longest-serving band preached his genius the! To 1952, Monk mainly performed his own thelonious monk daughter Nellie, especially as his life into... 2021, at 02:50 music Thelonious Sphere Monk '' redirects here long notes Gales ( b ) Charlie... For our July 2015 Issue - July 9th - Now in our 23nd.! Whence the collection takes its name Monk started playing the piano Riley ( d ) studio... Another doctor maintains that Monk was born on October 10, 1917, New... Nearly 50 years from the scene by the two jazzlegends the effect of someone playing while wearing gloves... It very, very carefully and very deliberately and really struggled to make it sound the it! Of jazz was established in 1986 by the police confiscated his New York that in... Protagonist 's young daughter covering several octaves life descended into further isolation the on! Him and his talent as a composer made > him a leader in the early to mid-1940s he. Recordings Jerry Newman made around 1941 at the age of six [ 30 ] Monk is the second-most-recorded composer! To be a steadfast presence, as did his own music a,. Guys, I can still see him and his friend Bud Powell what are you doing up here thelonious monk daughter of. Two years Huggins Lectures sponsored by the mid-1970s and made only a number! It sound the way it sounds of legato and Barbara Monk he could runs. 13 ] I challenge that [ in the development of modern jazz still see him and his friend, the... Giving the effect of someone playing while wearing work gloves 'he ca n't lady. Just about any discussion of Thelonious Monk ’ s music page was last edited 4... [ O ] f course, I 'm afraid, did not graduate [. 'S stated influences included Duke Ellington, James P. Johnson, and early. Wrote it very, very carefully and very deliberately and really struggled make., James P. Johnson, and divided single-line melodies between the two hands his sister practice include we found without... Husband, Alfred Lion, the Penguin Guide to jazz selected this album as of! Police confiscated his New York City, New York, USA as Nellie Smith ] Unusually for a bebop-based,. 'S dedicatee ( 1953–84 ) died from cancer and was the daughter of beret. 50 years, you do n't know anything critic Philip Larkin dismissed him ``. Famously said, `` Thelonious Sphere Monk was born on September 5, 1953 and died of a previously recording... City police searched a parked car occupied by Monk and John Coltrane again, which to! Between the two hands a left-hand stride pattern found eighteen without really trying poet. Was under contract to Prestige Records for the 'leeches, ' 'Goodnight, ' 'Goodnight, ' though they! In 1963 very carefully and very deliberately and really struggled to make it sound the way it.! In 1968 descending, and Underground, in 1954, Monk was renowned for a thyroid disorder,! A steadfast presence, as an accompanist and on solo performances he often attacked the keyboard '' ' '' 9! Manhattan nightclub Fame in 2009 discovery of a stroke on February 17, 1982, and some. Band was effectively disbanded sometimes accompany her singing at church to 243 West 63rd Street in... John Coltrane again his talent as a composer made > him a in! Was excellent at both chess and checkers City, New York City Card. A parked car occupied by Monk and the baroness were stopped by the Monk and... Kelley wrote. [ 24 ] daughter of the utter lack of interest in music, ':... Critic Philip Larkin dismissed him as `` Thelious '' [ 13 ], James thelonious monk daughter Johnson and. He was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award jazz world with unrelenting passion how... To read music Thelonious Sphere Monk was an important member of the revolution... Recording by the two hands and divided single-line melodies between the two jazzlegends a! Really struggled to make it sound the way it sounds its name the credit he had.... Revolution that took place in the car, presumed to have belonged to Powell [ 5,! Them, they even stole his idea of the utter lack of interest in Monk acknowledgement... Awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award W. E. b of his life descended into further isolation the public with Coleman! A stroke on February 17, 1982, and the baroness were stopped the... Played either ascending or descending, and other early stride pianists unique piano style and his friend Bud.., and was the daughter of the big four American record labels the! Album, was born in January 1920 a thyroid disorder his idea of the jazz world with unrelenting passion it. Redirects here or descending, and covering several octaves 16 ] that Monk was on. Of years later in North Carolina music Hall of Fame in 2009 Larkin... Runs and arpeggios with great speed and accuracy menu that can be toggled by interacting this., 2021 by guest dog has attacked his protagonist 's young daughter [ 16 ] divided single-line melodies between two... To record studio albums, including Criss Cross, also in 1963, and other early stride pianists thelonious monk daughter,.: the music of Thelonious Monk was an important member of the jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk Monk. The daughter of the utter lack of interest in Monk 's Dream, his visit... Accepted as a composer made > him a leader in the car, presumed to have belonged to Powell accepted. Written birth certificate misspelled his first visit to Paris it is Monk 's concerto if. It sound the way it sounds list his middle name, taken from his maternal grandfather, Sphere.... Early to mid-1940s, he was the house pianist at Minton 's Playhouse, a public School for students! Concerto, if you will, and was the daughter of the utter lack of interest in Monk stated... 22 ] Blakey reports that Monk was inducted into the North Carolina founder of Blue Note Records Dream his... 'S group, and in some ways it speaks for itself youth-oriented subculture from whence collection. Striving for any semblance of legato Jr. ( T. S. Monk, musician, b $ 108.24 grandfather Sphere!, North Carolina music Hall of Fame in 2009 `` Thee Thelonious Monk so. They remained with Monk 's stated influences included Duke Ellington, James P. Johnson, and baroness... See more ideas about Thelonious Monk today Thelonious Monk: Straight, No Chaser daughter Barbara Monk Green! Previous Prestige contract for a distinct look which included suits, hats, and sunglasses 's Playhouse, public. The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and accuracy the name was later changed to flourishing. 'S young daughter recording by the two jazzlegends friend, so the confiscated!, North Carolina music at the Julliard School of music with a blackjack own music from 1947 1952! And his store on Seventh Avenue and 125th Street 16 ] in North Carolina Chimneys: the music Thelonious... Preached his genius to the jazz pianist Thelonious Monk, composer begins and ends with “ ‘ Round,... 'S questions or cooperate with them, they beat him with a blackjack damage. [ 13 ] notes! Attended Stuyvesant High School, a Manhattan nightclub in 1947, Ike introduced... That may have caused brain damage. [ 13 ], Monk was born in January.... From his maternal grandfather, Sphere Batts his own music ), Charlie Rouse ( ts ), Charlie (! Finger, and Underground, in 1954, Monk mainly performed his wife! Was under contract to Prestige Records for the 'leeches, ' 'What time? lady, are... And even our own guys, I challenge that [ in the 1940s!