The idea was for America to wake up one day in a socialist state, without ever realizing how it happened. Thus U.S. Maoism took shape only partly as an orthodox expression of Chinese doctrine: other versions of Marxism-Leninism which gave major emphasis to the struggles of Third World peoples abroad and communities of color at home were also part of the mix. Gradually, nationwide democratic-centralist groups (“pre-party formations”) began to emerge. Ayers argued, as did Mao, that an entire communist revolution and subjugation of society could be sparked by a single event. In the previous interview, you described the history of the formation of Leading Light, or at least the North American branch. You can freely copy, distribute and display this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. A Neo-Maoist Cultural Revolution is underway in America, and it’s being led by the country’s political and economic elite. While this split was still raw, Chinese internal politics exploded. Think about the Tunisian street vendor who self-immolated after receiving a citation for selling food without a permit that ignited the Arab Spring, leading to the fall of almost every Arab leader. Mao died and the winners in Beijing’s subsequent power struggle arrested his closest allies (the “Gang of Four”). • Maoism believed that industrialization would provide further means to owners to exploit people further. They will work together feverishly in the coming weeks, sometimes loosely and sometimes directly, to stop Donald Trump. That spring, spokespeople for almost all of the major Maoist groups participated in a series of forums sponsored by the Guardian. Back to The NCM: the Early Groups, 1969-1974 – index page | Back to the EROL homepage | Back to the They demanded America surrender by way of a special counsel and Congress because: Trump mentioned something or other about Biden's corruption to the president of Ukraine! Think of...the coronavirus. The 1974 recession led to a decline rather than rise in worker militancy, affecting not just Maoism but all trends on the far Left. It distorts her reading of Latin America and the Peruvian Shining Path. Additionally, the various Maoist cadre organizations (which ranged in size from a few dozen to more than 1,000 members) produced dozens of other newspapers, journals, books and pamphlets which reached thousands beyond the Maoist ranks.  The new Chinese leadership showed little interest in the various foreign groups … At one pole were those circles who had broken most sharply with China’s policies in the controversy over Angola: they formed a loose “anti-dogmatist and anti-revisionist trend” which included the Guardian, a network of local collectives calling itself the Organizing Committee for an Ideological Center, the Union of Democratic Filipinos and sets of activists grouped around the new journals Theoretical Review and Line of March. To be published in America by Knopf in September; $37.50. Does this sound familiar? Maoism adopted the theory of Marxism and applied it to China. Maoism was more popular in the 1970s in the U.S., which may account for there being a bunch of closet middle-age Maoists around. For a time, the depth of Maoism’s crisis was obscured by the energy of a few “second wave” efforts at party building, which generally avoided the extreme ultra-left tactics and over-inflated rhetoric that characterized Maoism’s early days. After the communist horrors that followed America’s 1975 defeat in Vietnam, left-wingery lost momentum. Maoism defended extra-legal tactics, armed self-defense and preparation for military struggle in a way that appealed to those who had directly experienced the massive state violence of the late ’60s; this contrasted sharply with the far more cautious perspectives of Old Left groups. They then set out to discover an ideology, strategy and organization that could bring that revolution about. By the late 1990s, it seemed that the popular 1970s Maoist prediction, “The Future Is Bright, The Road Is Tortuous” had proven only half correct – and not the inspiring half that once infused U.S. Maoism with tremendous self-confidence and revolutionary zeal. Though Maoist ideas rapidly gained influence, the Maoist organization directly descended from the Old Left isolated itself badly. Similar groups were forged by activists who had spearheaded the Puerto Rican, Chicano, Asian American and African American youth movements. Hollywood film director Joel Gilbert @JoelSGilbert is president of Highway 61 Entertainment. Putin Kitsch in America ... What did “Maoism” mean in the everyday? Because of the coronavirus, the endgame of the leftist agenda is suddenly upon us. Login or register to post comments . This unraveling process took a few years to unfold, however, and when it began some of the weaker forces from Maoism’s first phase believed they could build a party that avoided the blind loyalty to Beijing and infantile left posturing that they hypothesized had wrecked the initial Maoist efforts. Maoism in South America: Comparing Peru’s Sendero Luminoso with Mexico’s PRP and PPUA Kevin Pinkoski Abstract This paper attempts to test to what level the distinction can be made between Maoism, Mao Tse-Sung’s theory of revolutionary communism, as it functioned in China during the People’s Revolution and in South America. • Marxism was a theory. Several thousand New Communist activists rooted themselves in industrial jobs and working class communities, and some played central roles in local and even occasional nationwide struggles. The New Communists also saw themselves in bitter competition with all other trends on the socialist left and – while sometimes proclaiming the need for united fronts – usually adopted a combative posture toward progressive reformers in the mass movements. Self-righteous twenty-somethings raging against older people who dare to think differently to them. Rather than follow the Swedish model of government response to the coronavirus, which was simply to recommend that the population take extra care, the United States followed the draconian communist Chinese example of Maoism — apparently based on the recommendations of Democrats Dr. Fauci and Dr. Birx. Or, as Maoism did starting in 1979—when Deng Xiaoping honored Mao’s name, while dismantling his legacy and introducing market-oriented reforms—Trumpism could end up saving the GOP. Some Maoist groups (OL, for example) proclaimed loyalty to whatever faction held power in Beijing. A few of these organizations remained vibrant into the 1980s and played significant roles in the Central America solidarity movement, Jesse Jackson’s presidential campaigns, and the Rainbow Coalition. The immediate impetus for the rise of U.S. Maoism was the large-scale radicalization that took place in the late 1960s. The New Communist Movement was the most racially diverse sector of the U.S. left with the highest proportion (25-30% or more) of African Americans, Puerto Ricans, Chicanos and Asian Americans in its leadership and membership ranks. But these late-’70s initiatives never attained the size or influence of their predecessors. A Neo-Maoist Cultural Revolution Is Underway In America, And It's Being Led By The Country's Political And Economic Elite. All this left Maoism in shambles. Nasser and Pan Arabism? In light of the ongoing, extraordinary events in Washington, D.C., I thought it appropriate to swerve from my usual practice a bit. And then, at last, the left stumbled upon an argument for American surrender, to which the American people, and even President Donald Trump, capitulated without a fight: America has indeed surrendered to the left, without even realizing it. The pivotal year was 1968, which saw the Vietnamese Tet offensive; the French May and the Czech August; the assassination of Martin Luther King and subsequent rebellions in black communities across the U.S.; and the forced withdrawal of Lyndon Johnson from the presidential race only to see the Democratic Party nominate Hubert Humphrey as police battered demonstrators in the st… Donald Trump is the one man, perhaps the only thing, standing in the way of Democrats living out their fantasy as social engineers and gods of paradise on Earth. Hence the FTP position is vacant of any historical materialist understanding of the very ideology they claim to adhere to! The left has many powerful allies: Hollywood, the entire mainstream media, the federal bureaucracy, the intelligence services, big tech, Canada, America's European allies, and China. The one last obstacle in their way, the existential threat to their Utopian agenda (as depicted in my film, If they are successful, Maoist America will be entrenched as a permanent reality based upon ", The Trayvon Hoax: Unmasking the Witness Fraud that Divided America. Maoism springs from Marxism-Leninism, but while Marx dismissed peasants as “sacks of potatoes”, Mao developed a socialism that was rooted in a rural society exploited by imperialism. Last post #1. Within this supportive climate, a layer of activists determined to construct a U.S. Maoist party began to coalesce into study circles and study-action collectives. All of these have a shared interest in making sure Donald Trump does not win re-election. Supposedly the “spontaneous movements” of workers and oppressed nationalities were growing rapidly in size and militancy; the crucial need was for a disciplined Bolshevik-style vanguard with the correct political line to provide adequate leadership: hence “Party Building Is Our Central Task.” With a few exceptions, Maoist groups had an unfriendly attitude toward the rapidly growing women’s liberation movement (dismissing it as petty bourgeois) and were intensely hostile to homosexuality and the emerging lesbian/gay rights movement. Arguably, Donald Trump, a single individual, by sheer power of personality, willpower, chutzpah, skepticism, and love of country, has the left in retreat. Donald Trump clearly was and is, as Nancy Pelosi often repeats, "an existential threat." Today only a few organizational remnants of 1970s Maoism survive – and these are either tiny or unrecognizable as Maoist or both. Sometimes verbally, lately we have seen more physicality used to dissuade. Governors are declaring lockdowns in some states for months to come, and Pelosi is poised to prevent any further government relief to keep businesses afloat. Maoism is a set of contradictory ideas that has distinguished itself from Soviet guises of Marxism in several important ways. This does … Maoism’s (and China’s) prestige on the broader Left plummeted. A small number of older ex-members of the CPUSA, or of PL, took part in the process; and in a few cities (Detroit being the most important) there was a turn toward Maoism on the part of newly radicalized young workers, especially black workers. Informal links steadily developed between many of these circles and individuals. While she typically ends this phrase with "to the United States of America," she really means "to a socialist United States of America" as well as "to globalism." But the diverse lessons they have drawn from their Maoist experience do not add up to a coherent set of politics. It published Revolution newspaper (later the Revolutionary Worker) and at its height included upwards of 1,000 members. This new generation of aspiring revolutionaries immediately encountered the outlook of the Chinese Communist Party at the height of its international prestige. Domestically, the Maoist current saw the key to the U.S. revolution as forging an alliance between the “multinational working class” and the “oppressed nationalities.” Maoism held that the struggles of African-Americans, Puerto Ricans, Chicanos, Asian Americans and Native Americans had an independent, cross-class revolutionary dynamic and generally characterized them as oppressed nations struggling for self-determination. She’s the author of Thought Reform and China’s Dangerous Classes: Reeducation, Resistance, and the People published by Rowman & Littlefield. That is the only realistic path to socialist success when you have a bunch of church-going, freedom-loving, gun-toting free-marketeers as far as the eye can see. It's not even the "soft left" Scandinavian-style socialism that Bernie Sanders would have us believe was his newly found passion (replacing his lifelong Stalinist aspirations). How were you first introduced to politics? As a result, Maoism is becoming a reality for all Americans. Maoism, or Mao Zedong Thought ...  (led by Enver Hoxha and the APL) and was also able to amalgamate many of the communist groups in Latin America, including the Communist Party of Brazil. That's how Democrats like it, because that's what works. Entrenched problems of sectarianism, doctrinaire orthodoxy and anti-democratic practices began to sap membership morale and repel potential supporters. These new initiatives were both smaller and more politically diverse than those earlier in the decade. Shortly after Mao's death in 1976, Deng Xiaoping initiated socialist market reforms in 1978, thereby beginning the radical change in Mao's ideology in the People's Republic of China (PRC). Cloned characters (think de Blasio, Newsom, Northam, Garcetti, and Cuomo) are reveling in inventing new laws every day as they place new restrictions on movement and assembly while offering up threats and punishments against those who don't cooperate. Maoism in America?  Later, Latin American Communists such as Peru’s Shining Path also embraced the tenets of Maoism. Until the final end of the Vietnam War in spring 1975, the consequences of China’s new posture remained somewhat muted. The small Freedom Road Socialist Organization (formed via a merger of the Proletarian Unity League and a shrunken Revolutionary Workers Headquarters) carries on without any regular press or public presence. The RU was founded as the Bay Area Revolutionary Union in 1968, grew into a nationwide organization in 1970-71 and declared itself the Revolutionary Communist Party (RCP) in September 1975. The biggest, entitled “What Road to Building a New Communist Party?” drew 1,200 to a New York City auditorium, and the tape and transcript were heard and read by thousands more across the country. The immediate impetus for the rise of U.S. Maoism was the large-scale radicalization that took place in the late 1960s. I still want to highlight an event from China’s history and point out its relevance today, but this time the comparison starts not in China’s past, but in America’s present. Wild-eyed youths tearing down statues. A consensus on the political “lines of demarcation” defining the New Communist Movement was soon built: advocacy of violent revolution and the dictatorship of the proletariat; rejection of the Soviet and U.S. Communist Parties for alleged “revisionism” (discarding the revolutionary principles of Marxism-Leninism); defense of Stalin as a great revolutionary and belief that after Khrushchev’s criticism of Stalin in 1956 the Soviet Union had moved toward restoration of capitalism and become an anti-revolutionary force. Jim Crow laws were in the South back in the 1950s! Other groups formed in this period (some of which, in various combinations, became more prominent during New Communism’s second wave) included: I Wor Kuen, formed as a nationwide organization by a 1971 merger of New York and San Francisco collectives of Asian American youth; the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Workers Organization, formed by the section of the Young Lords Party which turned to Maoism in 1971-72; the Black Workers Congress (BWC), an outgrowth of the League of Revolutionary Black Workers, which for a time after its 1971 founding congress existed as a loose national “mass/cadre” hybrid and, after a series of internal battles, consolidated as a small Maoist group in 1972-73; the August Twenty-Ninth Movement, which grew out of a section of the Chicano movement in the Southwest and held its “Unity Congress” in 1974; the Revolutionary Communist League, whose roots lay first in the Committee for a Unified Newark and then the Congress of Afrikan Peoples, which was active in several of the key expressions of the early-’70s Black Liberation Movement such as the National Black Assembly and the African Liberation Support Committee; the Workers Viewpoint Organization, initiated by ex-PL members as the Asian Study Group in 1973 and becoming the Communist Workers Party in 1979; the Marxist-Leninist-led Union of Democratic Filipinos, which anchored U.S. solidarity work with the Maoist Communist Party of the Philippines; and the Central Organization of U.S. Marxist-Leninists, which later became the pro-Albania Marxist-Leninist Party. The bigger and more active League of Revolutionaries for a New America can trace its roots to the now-disbanded CLP but today it is neither explicitly Marxist-Leninist nor a political party. MLM Collectives Mass Organizations Youth Organizations Proletarian Feminist Organizations RESOURCES FOR MAOISTS CONTACT US Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Far more numerous are the thousands of individuals who passed through New Communism and now play influential roles in various social movements, especially in the trade unions and in communities of color. In the process very little notice has been given to Maoism and the rise of the cult of personality that surrounded the most violent and cruel decade, 1964-1974, in modern human history. Self-righteous twentysomethings raging against older people who dare to think differently to them. These efforts fell totally flat. Mao’s main contention rested on the view that the working class could not be a revolutionary vanguard (á la Lenin) – it barely existed in China at the time. More worker-hours were spent on strike in 1970 than in any year since 1952. Alternatively, it could divide Republicans, and draw Trumpists into a new political machine. It was called the Cultural Revolution. As I pointed out in my film, Because of the coronavirus, the endgame of the leftist agenda is suddenly upon us. Then, during the Obama presidency, the media worked 24/7 to paper over and misdirect all of Obama's radical policies and abuses of power. Home / Forums / Regions / North America. Maoism preceded the Cultural Revolution, and can be traced to the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, or even earlier. Beginning in the late 1970s – as the Chinese party ever more openly abandoned its earlier advocacy of anti-imperialism and social revolution – the Maoist trend began to disintegrate almost as rapidly as it arose. If European Marxism was a child of the Industrial Revolution, Maoism’s birthplace was the battlefields of the peasant revolutions that plagued China during the 19th and 20th centuries. Copyright: This work is in the Public Domain under the Creative Commons Common Deed. Speakers are routinely shut down. Can you go back a bit further? And just like in communist China, there are no checks and balances, and our courts are conveniently closed. Without this building block,t he author never really satisfactorily explains the appeal of Maoism to those on the left wanting to steer clear of both Washington and Moscow. Its proponents refer to Marxism–Leninism–Maoism as Maoism and Maoism as Mao Zedong Thought, also referred to as Marxism–Leninism–Mao Zedong Thought, the Chinese adaption of Marxism–Leninism. These included support for major strikes, such as the May 1972-February 1974 walkout in Texas and New Mexico by 4,000 mainly Chicana women at Farah Co. (then the largest U.S. manufacturer of men’s and boy’s pants); and mass mobilizations against the initial high court decisions rolling back affirmative action (Bakke vs. Univ of California, 1977-78). Worse, the Soviet Union imploded and China abandoned Maoism … "Maoism" was the centerpiece of the ideology of Obama's "accidental neighbor," terrorist emeritus Bill Ayers, who wrote the American communist manifesto in 1974 entitled, Make no mistake: the dream of the Left is that the Maoist authoritarian state will never leave us. Conservatives and patriots are warily observing all of this, along with President Trump (shadowed by Fauci and Birx), hoping the Maoism will clear up along with the virus in a few weeks. Maoism and the American left? Maoism began as Mao Zedong Thought which sought to demarcate itself from revisionism; it was born and understood only in the struggles against modern revisionism. CWP transformed itself into the non-Leninist New Democratic Movement in 1984 and then disintegrated altogether; Line of March officially disbanded in 1989 and the League of Revolutionary Struggle in 1990; the OL/CP (ML) and most of the other groups from Maoism’s first wave had collapsed earlier in the 1980s. Maoism i… Cuba and Latin America? MARXISM-LENINISM-MAOISM IN THE US. For a few brief years during the 1970s, advocates of the type of Marxism-Leninism promoted by the Chinese Communist Party constituted the largest and most dynamic trend on the U.S. socialist left. The one last obstacle in their way, the existential threat to their Utopian agenda (as depicted in my film There's No Place like Utopia), is a 73-year-old "unfit" reality TV buffoon who colluded with Russia and then Ukraine to keep them out of power. But Maoist organizations are small and their influence is limited to a few big cities on the coasts. Rival trends on the U.S. Left – in particular, a social democracy re-energized by the emergence of the Democratic Socialist Organizing Committee and the launching of In These Times newspaper in 1976 – began to give Maoism serious competition. Maoism isn't strong in the U.S. and is in fact a marginal movement even on the left. Make no mistake: the dream of the Left is that the Maoist authoritarian state will never leave us. Joined: 25-10-15 . Meanwhile, the left's media allies feature on almost every channel images of funerals, new graphic models showing a likely resurgence of the virus, racial disparities of fatalities, and experts who say "it may last a year or two" — basically anything they can say to get Americans who surrendered so easily to "you might catch a virus" to agree to prolong their imprisonment in Maoist America. (This racial divide in the New Communist Movement’s origins was never fully overcome; while some organizations and circles became genuinely multi-racial, others developed as overwhelmingly white or overwhelmingly people of color in composition.) What the Black Panthers did was legal deterrence. At the other end of the spectrum was the League of Revolutionary Struggle, formed in 1978 by a merger of I Wor Kuen and the August Twenty-Ninth Movement, with the Revolutionary Communist League joining a year later. All of these arguments in fact have succeeded in mobilizing large portions of the electorate to vote for Democrats and resulted in their intermittent control of the U.S. House, governorships, and even the White House. Life, Latin America, Maoism (llco.org) 1. It’s even possible that, as in China, it will end up first destroying, then rescuing, the party. First Published: Encyclopedia of the American Left, Second Edition, 1998 OL published The Call newspaper, and proclaimed itself the Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist) in June 1977. Please credit the Encyclopedia of Anti-Revisionism On-Line as your source, include the url to this work, and note any of the transcribers, editors & proofreaders above. And think of what Chinese communist society looks like today: Government invents and dictates laws on a daily basis as it pleases, No freedom of movement without identity papers. But by this time they were a disparate set of competing parties rather than any kind of identifiable trend. However, after eight years of fraud and abuses of the Constitution by the Obama administration, America revolted by electing Donald Trump. Maoism also stressed the pivotal role of the working class at just the moment when a round of militancy was stirring among U.S. workers, and activists leaving the campuses were chafing at the limits of student and youth politics. The largest organizations experienced splits and large-scale membership losses if not total collapse. America has indeed surrendered to the left, without even realizing it. The Progressive Labor Party (PL) had been formed in 1962 by a break-away faction of the CPUSA which sympathized with the Chinese when the Sino-Soviet dispute burst open in 1960-61. They quickly reversed the policies of the Cultural Revolution and embarked upon even greater cooperation with the U.S. Somewhat smaller than RU and OL, CL declared itself the Communist Labor Party of North America in September 1974; it published the People’s Tribune. 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